EAT THESE BERRIES — Black chokeberries are high in antioxidants. This is a native plant that you can grow in your own yard, and fall is a great time to plant. Get more ideas for cooking with native plants when teams compete in the indigenous food challenge to be held Sept. 15 during the Fall Festival sponsored by the Seneca Nation of Indians in Irving. Photo courtesy Ken Parker.
IRVING — There are many indigenous or native plants that you can grow for food, but how do you cook with them?
Get inspiration when four teams of amateur chefs compete in an indigenous food challenge, to be held from 11 a.m. – 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 15, the last day of the three-day Fall Festival sponsored by the Seneca Nation of Indians.
The indigenous food challenge will be held in the parking lot of the Saylor Building, 12861 Route 438 in Irving.
The food challenge is based loosely on the TV show “Chopped,” according to Ken Parker, CNLP, project manager of Food is Our Medicine. Each team is given a mystery basket of three – five indigenous North American ingredients, such as bison, white corn, squash or beans, that they must use in their dishes.
“The goal is to teach people to make healthy food choices,” Parker said.
Professional chefs will score the dishes based on their creativity, presentation, taste, healthiness and use of the basket items.
The challenge is run by the Food is Our Medicine project, sponsored by the Seneca Diabetes Foundation with support from the Seneca Nation of Indians.
The stated objective of Food is Our Medicine is to establish a Native American horticultural program that will promote, educate and encourage Native American community members to re-introduce traditional foods to the family table.
Sunday activities also include healthy-food vendors, featuring bison sliders and menu items that include traditional white corn; the Seneca Nation Farmers Market; a 5K race and blues by the Willie Haddath Band.
Here is a quick introduction to cooking with native plants.
The first thing you need to know about eating native plants is to never eat a wild plant or a plant from your garden if you’re not positive what it is, Parker said. Poison hemlock, as you can guess from the name, is toxic, but it looks a lot like wild carrot, an edible plant.
Don’t assume that if an animal is eating a plant that it’s safe for humans to eat, he added.
Also, be sure you understand which parts of a plant are edible and what time of year you should harvest them.
Black chokeberry or aronia melanocarpa is a good landscape plant that stays short, getting about four or five feet tall. The cultivar ‘Viking’ is noted for its higher yields of berries and ‘Iroquois Beauty’ is a dwarf cultivar that stays shorter than four feet tall.
The berries are high in antioxidants, according to Parker. Chokeberries are dry and tart, not sweet. He suggested adding them to an apple cobbler. The fruit should be fully ripe before being eaten and is best after a frost or two.
The berries make a good jelly when sugar is added. They are rich in pectin, which helps jams thicken, and can be added to fruits low in pectin, when making jams. Chokeberries can also be used for making pemmican, a concentrated mixture of fat and protein that is something like beef jerky.Sumac
Fragrant sumac or rhus aromatica is beautiful this time of year with its large cone-shaped flowers. Note: Sumac “suckers;” that is, new plants grow from the roots of the plant. You may have new plants popping up all over your yard.
Fragrant sumac is widely used in Mediterranean cooking. The dried, ground berries have a citrus-like flavor. Staghorn sumac, rhus typhina, is also edible and used in the same way.Wild bergamot
Wild bergamot or monarda fistulosa is a perennial that gets purple flowers. It’s a member of the mint family, Parker said, and can be used in the spring to make tea.
In the summer, the leaves, stems and flowers can be used fresh or dried as an oregano substitute. Parker suggested trying it as a barbecue marinade. In the late summer and fall, the leaves and stems get more of a hot flavor– Use them for salsa or add them to canned tomatoes.Sassafras
Sassafras or sassafras albidum is a tree that can get up to 45 feet tall, Parker said. The leaves, which have a mild aromatic flavor, can be eaten raw or cooked.
The young sassafras leaves can be added to salads. Both old and young leaves can be used as a flavoring and as a thickening agent in soups.
The dried root bark can be boiled with sugar and water until it forms a thick paste, which can be used as a condiment. The root and the berries can also be used as flavorings.
A tea, which is considered to be a tonic, can be made from the root bark. The tea can also be made by brewing the root in maple syrup, and this can be concentrated into a jelly.
In the spring, tea can be made from the leaves and roots. Tea can also be made from the flowers.
Many native plants can be found at Lockwood’s Greenhouses, 4484 Clark St., Hamburg. Fall is a great time to plant.
Consider choosing native plants for your garden that are edible, as well as ornamental.
Connie Oswald Stofko is publisher of Buffalo-NiagaraGardening.com
, the online gardening magazine for Western New York. Email Connie@BuffaloNiagaraGardening.com
for more information.